End effectors: hands, grippers, pickups and tools

  • Joseph F. Engelberger


End effectors are at the business end of the robot. These are the moving components which have to grasp, lift and manipulate workpieces without causing any damage, and without letting go. Compared with human hands those of the robot are but clumsy travesties. They have fewer articulations and they are without any sense of feeling or touch. But, they can be designed to withstand high temperatures so that they are able to work with parts that are red hot. They are better at dealing with objects with sharp edges, or covered with corrosive substances, or which would simply be too heavy for human hands to grasp.


Industrial Robot Human Hand Special Hand Sheet Stock Robot Wrist 


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Copyright information

© Joseph F. Engelberger 1980

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  • Joseph F. Engelberger

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