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End effectors: hands, grippers, pickups and tools

  • Joseph F. Engelberger

Abstract

End effectors are at the business end of the robot. These are the moving components which have to grasp, lift and manipulate workpieces without causing any damage, and without letting go. Compared with human hands those of the robot are but clumsy travesties. They have fewer articulations and they are without any sense of feeling or touch. But, they can be designed to withstand high temperatures so that they are able to work with parts that are red hot. They are better at dealing with objects with sharp edges, or covered with corrosive substances, or which would simply be too heavy for human hands to grasp.

Keywords

Industrial Robot Human Hand Special Hand Sheet Stock Robot Wrist 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Joseph F. Engelberger 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph F. Engelberger

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