Use of Fungi in Pulping Wood: An Overview of Biopulping Research

  • T. Kent Kirk
  • Richard R. Burgess
  • John W. KoningJr.


Fresh wood chips destined and stored for pulp production are rapidly colonized by a variety of microorganisms, including many species of fungi. These organisms compete vigorously while easily assimilable foodstuffs last, and then their populations decrease. They are replaced by fungi that are able to degrade and gain nourishment from the cell wall structural polymers: cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin. Left unchecked, these last colonizers, mostly “white-rot fungi,” eventually decompose the wood to carbon dioxide and water. Some of them selectively degrade the lignin component, which is what chemical pulping processes accomplish. Biopulping is the concept of deliberately harnessing white-rot fungi for pulping.


Lignin Degradation Lignin Peroxidase Phanerochaete Chrysosporium Veratryl Alcohol Fungal Treatment 


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Copyright information

© Routledge, Chapman & Hall, Inc. 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Kent Kirk
  • Richard R. Burgess
  • John W. KoningJr.

There are no affiliations available

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