A High Resolution, High Precision Geoid for the British Isles

  • M. P. Stewart
  • R. G. Hipkin
Part of the International Association of Geodesy Symposia book series (IAG SYMPOSIA, volume 104)


This paper demonstrates how the height of the geoid above the reference ellipsoid can be computed from surface gravity observations with high local precision. The geoid is the equipotential surface, closely approximated by mean sea level, which forms the zero-reference for conventional measurements of topographic height. The Global Positioning System (GPS) can measure the height of a ground-based receiver above the reference ellipsoid with a precision of a few centimetres. Consequently, a combination of GPS measurements with a precise gravimetric geoid can provide a cheap alternative to nationwide geodetic levelling.


Global Position System Gravity Anomaly Gravity Data Bouguer Anomaly Geoid Height 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. P. Stewart
    • 1
  • R. G. Hipkin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geology and GeophysicsUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK

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