Cholinesterases of Aquatic Animals

  • V. I. Kozlovskaya
  • F. L. Mayer
  • O. V. Menzikova
  • G. M. Chuyko
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 132)

Abstract

Cholinesterases (ChE) were discovered in 1906 (Hunt and Taveaux 1906). In 1943, a hypothesis was advanced that two types of enzymes exist, referred to as “true cholinesterases” and “pseudocholinesterases.” According to the latest nomenclature, they correspond to two groups: acetylcholinesterase-acetylcholine-acetylhydrolase [EC 3.1.1.7, acetylcholinesterase (AChE)] and cholinesterase-acylcholine-acylhydrolase [EC 3.1.1.8, butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE)] (Dikson and Webb 1982; Nomenclature of Enzymes 1979).

Keywords

Choline Acetylcholine Acetyl Carnitine Mollusk 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. I. Kozlovskaya
    • 1
  • F. L. Mayer
    • 2
  • O. V. Menzikova
    • 1
  • G. M. Chuyko
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Biology of Inland Waters Academy of ScienceBorok, JaroslavlRussia
  2. 2.U.S. Environmental Protection AgencyEnvironmental Research LaboratoryGulf BreezeUSA

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