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Vertical and Long-Range Transport of Persistent Organics in the Atmosphere

  • Pim de Voogt
  • Bo Jansson
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 132)

Abstract

Persistent or semivolatile organic compounds (SOC) are found today in pristine areas far from the production and use of products containing these substances. Ample evidence has been given in the literature that even in remote areas compounds with low vapor pressures can be found, indicating the long-range transport of semivolatile organic pollutants to locally source-free regions. For example, PCBs, organochlorine pesticides, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and C9-C28 alkanes have been measured in air over the oceans (Jury et al. 1987). Toxaphene and chlordane have been found in Nordic countries in spite of the fact that these compounds have hardly been used in these countries (Andersson et al. 1988). Uptake of SOC in terrestrial biota in Scandinavia is said to be governed by atmospheric transport (Larsson et al. 1990). Apparently, these phenomena result from transport of such compounds over long distances. This transport is believed to take place mainly in the air medium, particularly in the troposphere, as a result of the relatively long residence times of SOC in the atmosphere.

Keywords

Mass Transfer Coefficient Atmos Environ Lewis Publ Atmospheric Lifetime Washout Ratio 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pim de Voogt
    • 1
  • Bo Jansson
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Applied Environmental ResearchStockholm UniversitySolnaSweden

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