The 1958 Birth Cohort Study
Delinquency in a Birth Cohort (Wolfgang et al., 1972) remains the only large-scale birth cohort study undertaken in the United States based upon a generalizable population. The delinquency careers of all boys born in 1945 who lived in Philadelphia from their tenth to their eighteenth birthdays were described, and parametric estimates of their offense rates and recidivism and desistance probabilities were computed. It is important to note that this study developed baseline cohort rates from a data source unlike any other previously investigated in this country: first offense, recidivism, and offense switching rates; offense severity escalation, disposition probabilities, and subsequent offensive behavior. All of these statistics and others can be estimated with validity only from longitudinal, preferably cohort, data.
KeywordsBirth Cohort Census Tract Birth Cohort Study Master List Public School Student
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