Summary and Implications
Our objective in this study has been to replicate as closely as possible our prior research with the 1945 birth cohort study. Investigation of another birth cohort in Philadelphia has afforded the opportunity to examine the effects on delinquency of growing up in a different time and sociocultural setting. The 1945 cohort was born in the final year of World War II, which sets its years of delinquent involvement in the period from 1955 through 1962. The 1958 cohort was born 13 years later, which frames the period of delinquency from 1968 through 1975. The social milieu of the two cohorts differs and may represent different pushes toward or pulls away from delinquency. For the 1958 cohort, the delinquency years at risk coincide with America’s involvement in the Vietnam War, the rise in drug abuse, social protest, and the like. This period of rapid social change and pervasive social unrest is in sharp contrast to the more tranquil period of adolescence experienced by the 1945 cohort.
KeywordsJuvenile Justice Juvenile Justice System Juvenile Court Violent Offense Offense Type
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