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Targeting Genes for Genetic Manipulation in Crop Species

  • J. W. Snape
  • C. N. Law
  • A. J. Worland
  • B. B. Parker
Part of the Stadler Genetics Symposia Series book series (SGSS)

Abstract

In broad terms, the genetic manipulation of crop species involves the creation of new allelic combinations, whether by the recombination of existing allelic variation within the species, or by the introduction of novel alleles or ‘new’ genes from outside of the species. In essence, the technologies to achieve this are already developed or are, presently, in an advanced state of development. First, the technologies for interplant, within species, sexual hybridization are used to generate new allelic combinations, and hence phenotypic variability, by exploiting the processes of random reassortment of chromosomes and genetic recombination within chromosomes. Such techniques are, in practical terms, operationally simple and have been the “standard fare” of crop improvement programmes for many years. Various forms of mutagenesis can also be used to create new allelic forms (Micke et al., 1987). However, now, in addition, techniques are available to augment this variation by the introduction of ‘foreign’ genes.

Keywords

Genetic Manipulation Crop Species Chromosome Segment Isogenic Line Quantitative Character 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. W. Snape
    • 1
  • C. N. Law
    • 1
  • A. J. Worland
    • 1
  • B. B. Parker
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Plant Science ResearchCambridge Laboratory TrumpingtonCambridgeUK

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