Plant Breeding and the Value Contributed to Cereal Grain and Oilseed Production in Western Canada
Cereal grains and oilseeds account for two thirds of the value of agricultural production in the Prairie Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta. Between 1978 and 1988 the value of these crops ranged from $4 billion to $8 billion. The extreme variation in the annual crop value is primarily related to; droughts in 1980, 1984 and 1988; record production levels in 1981, 1982 and 1986; record high prices in 1980 and 1981 and twenty year low prices in 1986 and 1987. Underlying the economic and weather shocks has been a steady upward trend in crop yields. Nevertheless bio-technology has had a significant influence upon the financial affairs of 100,000 farmers in western Canada.
KeywordsSpring Wheat Erucic Acid Production Index Wheat Production Supply Function
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Arthur, L. M., and Kraft, D.F., 1988, The Effects of Technological Change on the Economic Impact of Agricultural Drought in Manitoba, Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 36:.Google Scholar
- Arthur, L. M., Fields, V. J., and Kraft, D. F., 1986, “Toward a socio-economic assessment of the implications of climate change for agriculture in the Prairie Provinces.” Final report to Environment Canada. Winnipeg University of Manitoba, Department of Agricultural Economics.Google Scholar
- Brennan, J. P., 1988, An Economic Investigation of Wheat Breeding Programs, Agricultural Economics Bulletin No 35, Department of Agricultural Economics and Business Management, University of New England, Armidale, N.S.WGoogle Scholar
- Flaten, D., and Medlin, R., 1988, Influence of Fertility, Pesticides and Genetics on Cereal Grain Yields, contributed paper annual meeting, Agricultural Institute of Canada, Department of Soil Science, University of Manitoba.Google Scholar
- Hertford, R., and Schmitz, A., 1977, Measuring economic returns to agricultural research, in: “Resource Allocation and Productivity in National and International Agricultural Research,” Arndt, T. M., Dalryple, D. G. and Ruttan, V. W., eds., University of Minnesota Press, pp. 148–167.Google Scholar
- Kraft, D. F., 1988, Production Potential for Cereal Grains and Oilseeds in Western Canada, Crop Production Symposium, The Canadian Wheat Board, Winnipeg, Manitoba.Google Scholar
- Kraft, D. F., 1982, Crop Yield Model, Study Element No. 4, Saskatchewan Drought Studies, Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Administration, Regina, Saskatchewan.Google Scholar
- Nagy, J. G. and Furtan, W. H., 1978, Economic Costs and Returns from Crop Development Research: The Case of Rapeseed Breeding in Canada, 26: 1–14.Google Scholar