Transmission by Vectors

  • A. F. Murant
  • B. Raccah
  • T. P. Pirone
Part of the The Viruses book series (VIRS)


The first recorded experimental transmission by a natural vector of a plant virus with filamentous particles (here termed a filamentous virus) appears to have been that of sugarcane mosaic potyvirus by the aphid Rhopalosiphum maidis (Brandes, 1920). Because the potyviruses comprise the largest plant virus group and are among the most commonly occurring plant viruses, it is perhaps not surprising that since that report they have figured prominently in studies of plant virus/vector relations. Thus, three potyviruses—henbane mosaic (HMV), potato Y (PVY), and tobacco etch (TEV)—served as models in work at Rothamsted in the late 1930s that led to the definition of the so-called nonpersistent form of aphid transmission (Watson and Roberts, 1939), in which the insect acquires the virus in a few seconds to a few minutes, can immediately inoculate it to healthy plants, but rarely remains able to do so for longer than an hour if allowed to feed between acquisition and inoculation, or for perhaps a few hours if fasted. PVY was used by Bradley and co-workers in the 1950s and 1960s (see Bradley, 1964, 1966) in a series of experiments aimed to further our understanding of this mode of transmission.


Potato Virus Plant Virus Alarm Pheromone Rice Stripe Virus Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. F. Murant
    • 1
  • B. Raccah
    • 2
  • T. P. Pirone
    • 3
  1. 1.Scottish Crop Research InstituteInvergowrie, DundeeScotland
  2. 2.Department of VirologyVolcani CenterBet-DaganIsrael
  3. 3.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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