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Biology, Structure, and Replication of Plant Rhabdoviruses

  • A. O. Jackson
  • R. I. B. Francki
  • Douwe Zuidema
Part of the The Viruses book series (VIRS)

Abstract

Of all the taxonomic groups of viruses recognized, only the families Rhabdoviridae and Reoviridae include members that can infect either vertebrates or plants (Matthews, 1982). Furthermore, members of both these groups are transmitted by insects, in which they also multiply. The rhabdoviruses have complex bacilliform or bullet-shaped virions composed of RNA, protein, carbohydrate, and lipid. All these viruses have striking structural similarities and, for this reason, have been classified as a single family by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (Matthews, 1982). The importance of the rhabdoviruses as disease agents and their potential danger to human, livestock, and wildlife health has been repeatedly documented (Brown and Crick, 1979). However, it is less generally recognized that many serious diseases caused by rhabdoviruses also plague plants, causing substantial crop losses. Thus, the family as a whole presents such a serious threat to the welfare of man, both directly and indirectly, that it is surprising that relatively little is known about their comparative biology.

Keywords

Mosaic Virus Rabies Virus Vesicular Stomatitis Virus Perinuclear Space Orchid Fleck Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. O. Jackson
    • 1
  • R. I. B. Francki
    • 2
  • Douwe Zuidema
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of California at BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plant Pathology, Waite Agricultural Research InstituteThe University of AdelaideGlen OsmondAustralia

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