The Family Rhabdoviridae
The occurrence of rhabdoviruses in vertebrate, invertebrate, and plant hosts makes them a subject of interest not only to animal and plant virologists, but also to those interested in comparative virology and evolution. The structure of the viruses infecting the different kinds of host is remarkably similar, and it has been suggested that some rhabdoviruses that infect plants may also infect vertebrates (Johnson et al., 1969). Moreover, one member, vesicular stomatitis virus, infects several vertebrate hosts, multiplies in Aedes mosquitoes, and grows in leafhoppers, which are the natural vector of maize mosaic virus, a plant rhabdovirus. Consequently, the rhabdoviruses offer great opportunity to study the evolution of viruses within a family. Unfortunately, this opportunity does not seem to have been grasped so far, but the availability of nucleic acid-sequencing techniques should now make this study attractive.
KeywordsVirus Particle Rabies Virus Vesicular Stomatitis Virus Surface Projection Aedes Mosquito
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