Examination of the Neonate

  • Gerald S. Golden
Part of the Topics in Pediatrics book series (TIPE)


The examination of the newborn infant relies mainly on observation and the elicitation of responses to manipulation. There are three important rules to keep in mind:
  1. 1.

    The neurological examination will be abnormal if the child is ill for any reason.

  2. 2.

    The findings can be expected to vary daily, especially if the infant was the product of a difficult labor or delivery.

  3. 3.

    The findings are highly dependent on the infant’s state at the time of the examination.



Cerebral Palsy Facial Paralysis Median Longitudinal Fasciculus Quiet Sleep Quiet Wakefulness 
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  1. 1.
    Prechtl, H. F. R., 1977, The Neurological Examination of the Full Term Newborn Infant., J. B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Njiokiktjien, C., and Kurver, P., 1980, Predictive value of neonatal neurological examination for cerebral function in infancy, Dev. Vied. Child. Neurol. 22: 736–747.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nelson, K. B., and Ellenberg, J. H., 1982, Children who “outgrew” cerebral palsy, Pediatrics 69: 529–536.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rosman, N. F., Donelly, J. H., and Braun, NI. A., 1984, The jittery newborn and infant: A review, Dev. Behan. Pediatr. 5: 263–273.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerald S. Golden
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neurology, The Health Science CenterUniversity of Tennessee, MemphisMemphisUSA

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