The major physiological task of the newborn infant is to successfully make the transition from the intrauterine to the extrauterine environment. During this period of time there are many pitfalls, including the occurrence of hypoxia and hypotension, both of which can damage the CNS, and trauma, which can affect the peripheral nervous system as well as the CNS. This chapter will concentrate on the consequences of these pathogenetic factors and certain metabolic disorders that derive from the neonate’s immature homeostatic mechanisms.
KeywordsIntraventricular Hemorrhage Glycogen Storage Disease Congenital Hypothyroidism Perinatal Asphyxia Maple Syrup Urine Disease
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