Seizure Disorders

  • Gerald S. Golden
Part of the Topics in Pediatrics book series (TIPE)


Seizures are one of the most common serious neurological problems of childhood. It has been estimated that 0.5% of the population has a seizure disorder. Because of the high incidence of febrile seizures, 3% of children will have at least one convulsion during their lifetime.1


Status Epilepticus Essential Tremor Febrile Seizure Seizure Disorder Focal Seizure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Baumann, R. J., Marx, M. B., and Leonidakes, M.G., 1978, Epilepsy in rural Kentucky: Prevalence in a population of school age children, Epilepsia 19: 75–80.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jennings, M. T., and Bird, T. D., 1981, Genetic influences in the epilepsies, Am., J. Dis. Child. 135: 450–457.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Commission on Classification and Terminology of the International League Against Epilepsy, 1981, Proposal for revised clinical and electroencephalographic classification of epileptic seizures, Epilepsia 22: 489–501.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bachman, D. S., Hodges, F. J., and Freeman, J. M., 1976, Computerized axial tomography in chronic seizure disorders in childhood, Pediatrics 58: 828–832.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Loiseau, P., Pestre, M., Dartigues, J. F., Commenges, D., Barberger-Gateau, C., and Cohadon, S., 1983, Long-term prognosis in two forms of childhood epilepsy: Typical absence seizures and epilepsy with rolandic (centrotemporal) EEG foci, Ann. Neurol. 13: 642–648.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Myers, G. J., 1975, The therapy of myoclonus, in: Myoclonic Seizures ( M.H. Charlton, ed.), Excerpta Medica, Princeton, NJ, pp. 121–160.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Singer, W. D., Rabe, E. F., and Haller, J. S., 1980, The effect of ACTH therapy upon infantile spasms, J. Pediatr. 96: 485–489.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Matsumoto, A., Watanabe, K., Negoro, T., Sugiura, M., Iwase, K., Hara, K., and Miyazaki, S., 1981, Long-term prognosis after infantile spasms: A statistical study of prognostic factors in 200 cases, Dey. Med. Child. Neurol. 23: 51–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke, 1980, Consensus Development Conference on Febrile Seizures, Pediatrics 66: 1009–1012.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nelson, K. B., and Ellenberg, J. H., 1978, Prognosis in children with febrile seizures, Pediatrics 61: 720–727.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hauser, W. A., Annegers, J. F., Anderson, V. E., and Kurland, L. T., 1985, The risk of seizure disorders among relatives of children with febrile convulsions, Neurology 35: 1268–1273.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Knudsen, F. U., 1985, Effective short-term diazepam prophylaxis in febrile convulsions, J. Pediatr. 106: 487–490.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Holden, K. P., Mellits, E. D., Freeman, J. M., 1982, Neonatal seizures. I. Correlation of prenatal and perinatal events with outcomes, Pediatrics 70: 165–176.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Camfield, P. R., Camfield, C. S., Dooley, J. M., Tibbles, J. A. R., Fung, T., and Garner, B., 1985, Epilepsy after a first unprovoked seizure in childhood, Neurology 35: 1657–1660.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Forsythe, W. I., and Sills, M. A., 1984, One drug for childhood grand mal: Medical audit for three-year remissions, Dey. Med. Child. Neurol. 26: 742–748.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Committee on Drugs, American Academy of Pediatrics, 1985, Behavioral and cognitive effects of anticonvulsant therapy, Pediatrics 76: 644–647.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Theodore, W. H., and Porter, R. J., 1983, Removal of sedative—hypnotic antiepileptic drugs from the regimens of patients with intractable epilepsy, Ann. Neurol. 13: 320–324.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Thurston, J. H., Thurston, D. L., Hixon, B. B., and Keller, A. J., 1982, Prognosis in childhood epilepsy, N. Engl.J. Med. 306: 831–836.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shinnar, S., Vining, E. P. G., Mellits, E. D., D’Souza, B. J., Holden, K., Baumgardner, R. A., and Freeman, J. M., 1985, Discontinuing antiepileptic medicine in children with epilepsy after two years without seizures, N. Engl. f. Med. 313: 976–980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bourgeois, B. F. D., Prensky, A. L., Palkes, H. S., Talent, B. K., and Busch, S. G., 1983, Intelligence in epilepsy: A prospective study in children, Ann. Neurol. 14: 438–444.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Holmes, G. L., and Russman, B. S., 1986, Shuddering attacks: Evaluation using electroencephalographic frequency modulation radiotelemetry and videotape monitoring, Am. J. Dis. Child. 140: 72–73.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Additional Reading

  1. Gomez, M.R., and Kless, D.W., 1983, Epilepsies of infancy and childhood, Ann. Neurol. 13:131–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerald S. Golden
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neurology, The Health Science CenterUniversity of Tennessee, MemphisMemphisUSA

Personalised recommendations