Tobacco Mosaic Virus Cytopathological Effects

  • J. R. Edwardson
  • R. G. Christie
Part of the The Viruses book series (VIRS)


Inclusion bodies were listed as one of the criteria for virus classification by the Plant Virus Subcommittee of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (Harrison et al., 1971), although they were not used in that classification scheme. This paper did, however, establish the tobacco mosaic virus group which was designated by the acronym tobamoviruses. Fenner (1976) was the first to incorporate inclusions in the classification of plant viruses. Gibbs (1977) listed, among the main characteristics of the tobamovirus group, cytoplasmic inclusions composed of virus particles in elongated paracrystalline arrays, in plate-shaped crystalline form, and aggregated cell constituents with or without virus particles forming X-bodies. Martelli and Russo (1977) stated that tobamovirus members induce inclusions of virus particles aggregated in crystalline arrays appearing as plates with hexagonal or rounded shapes. Edwardson and Christie (1978) suggested cytoplasmic crystalline inclusions as a main characteristic of the group and proposed them as diagnostic for infection by tobamoviruses. Matthews (1979, 1982) listed, as the main characteristics of the tobamovirus group, virus-induced viroplasms, and virus particles often forming large crystalline arrays, visible by light microscopy. We assume Matthews uses the term viroplasm in place of the term X-body. The morphology and structure of these and other inclusions induced by tobamoviruses are well depicted in the following: Warmke and Christie (1967), Esau (1968), Warmke (1974), Christie and Edwardson (1977).


Virus Particle Tobacco Mosaic Virus Cytoplasmic Inclusion Beet Necrotic Yellow Vein Virus Crystalline Inclusion 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. R. Edwardson
    • 1
  • R. G. Christie
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Virus Laboratory, Agronomy DepartmentUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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