Advertisement

Hordeiviruses Biology and Pathology

  • T. W. Carroll
Part of the The Viruses book series (VIRS)

Abstract

Three viruses are presently classified as members of the hordeivirus group (Matthews, 1982): barley stripe mosaic virus (BSMV), Lychnis ringspot virus (LRSV), and poa semilatent virus (PSLV). Their particles are rod-or tubule-shaped and lack envelopes (Francki, et al., 1985). Particle diameters range from about 19 to 25 nm and lengths extend from about 100 to over 165 nm. The genome of each virus consists of a single-stranded (ss) RNA and is believed to be tripartite. All three viruses are transmissible by mechanical inoculation. BSMV and LRSV are also transmitted through seed and pollen. LRSV and PSLV are distantly related to BSMV serologically. The type member of the hordeivirus group is BSMV which was first described in 1951 as barley false stripe mosaic virus (McKinney). Anthoxanthum latent bleaching virus (ALBV) is considered to be a possible member of this group (Catherall and Chamberlain, 1980). The name hordei was derived from the Latin hordeum, meaning barley. A thorough review of the hordeiviruses is given by Jackson and Lane (1981).

Keywords

Barley Cultivar Mechanical Inoculation Seed Transmission Barley Stripe Mosaic Virus Barley Embryo 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Afanasiev, M. M., 1956, Occurrence of barley stripe mosaic in Montana, Plant Dis. Rep. 40: 142.Google Scholar
  2. Atabekov, J. G., and Novikov, V. K., 1971, Barley stripe mosaic virus, CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses No. 68.Google Scholar
  3. Ball, E. M., 1973, Solid phase radioimmunoassay for plant viruses, Virology 55: 516–520.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bennett, C. W., 1959, Lychnis ringspot, Phytopathology 49: 706–713.Google Scholar
  5. Bennett, C. W., 1969, Seed transmission of plant viruses, Adv. Virus Res. 14: 221–261.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brlansky, R. H., and Derrick, K. S., 1979, Detection of seedborne plant viruses using serologically specific electron microscopy, Phytopathology 69: 96–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carroll, T. W., 1969, Electron microscopic evidence for the presence of barley stripe mosaic virus in cells of barley embryos, Virology 37: 649–657.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carroll, T. W., 1970, Relation of barley stripe mosaic virus to plastids, Virology 42: 1015–1022.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Carroll, T. W., 1972, Seed transmissibility of two strains of barley stripe mosaic virus, Virology 48: 323–336.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Carroll, T. W., 1974, Barley stripe mosaic virus in sperm and vegetative cells of barley pollen, Virology 60: 21–28.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carroll, T. W., 1980, Barley stripe mosaic virus: Its economic importance and control in Montana, Plant Dis 64: 136–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Carroll, T. W., 1981, Seedborne viruses: Virus—host interactions, in: Plant Diseases and Vectors: Ecology and Epidemiology ( K. Maramorosch and K. F. Harris, eds.), pp. 293–317, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  13. Carroll, T. W., 1983, Certification schemes against barley stripe mosaic, Seed Sci. Technol. 11: 1033–1042.Google Scholar
  14. Carroll, T. W., and Mayhew, D. E., 1976a, Anther and pollen infection in relation to the pollen and seed transmissibility of two strains of barley stripe mosaic virus in barley, Can. J. Bot. 54: 1604–1621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Carroll, T. W., and Mayhew, D. E., 1976b, Occurrence of virions in developing ovules and embryo sacs of barley in relation to the seed transmissibility of barley stripe mosaic virus, Can. J. Bot. 54: 2497–2512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Carroll, T. W., Gossel, P. L., and Batchelor, D. L., 1979a, Use of sodium dodecyl sulfate in serodiagnosis of barley stripe mosaic virus in embryos and leaves, Phytopathology 69: 12–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Carroll, T. W., Gossel, P. L., and Hockett, E. A., 1979b, Inheritance of resistance to seed transmission of barley stripe mosaic virus in barley, Phytopathology 69: 431–433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Carroll, T. W., Hockett, E. A., and Zaske, S. K., 1983, Registration of Mobet barley germplasm (Reg. No. GP61), Crop Sci. 23 (3): 599.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Catherall, P. L., and Chamberlain, J. A., 1980, A new virus disease of sweet vernal grass (Anthoxanthum odoratum L.,), in: Proc. 3rd Conf. Virus Diseases of Gramineae in Europe ( R. T. Plumb, ed.), pp. 83–85, Rothamsted, England.Google Scholar
  20. Chiko, A. W., 1971a, Distribution of barley stripe mosaic virus in Manitoba in 1970, Can. Plant Dis. Surv. 51: 111–115.Google Scholar
  21. Chiko, A. W., 1971b, Barley stripe Mosaic virus in Manitoba in 1971, Can. Plant Dis. Surv. 51: 159–160.Google Scholar
  22. Chiko, A. W., 1973, Barley stripe mosaic in the Canadian Prairies in 1972, Can. Plant Dis. Surv. 53: 107–111.Google Scholar
  23. Chiko, A. W., 1974, Barley stripe mosaic in Manitoba in 1973, Can. Plant Dis. Surv. 54: 21.Google Scholar
  24. Chiko, A. W., 1975, Natural occurrence of barley stripe mosaic virus in wild oats (Avena fatua), Can. J. Bot. 53: 417–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Chiko, A. W., 1976, Barley stripe mosaic in the Canadian Prairies, 1974–75, Can. Plant Dis. Surv. 56: 53–55.Google Scholar
  26. Chiko, A. W., 1978, Barley stripe mosaic in Saskatchewan in 1977, Can. Plant Dis. Surv. 58: 29–30.Google Scholar
  27. Chiko, A. W., 1980, Barley stripe mosaic in Manitoba in 1978, Can. Plant Dis. Surv. 60: 11–12.Google Scholar
  28. Chiko, A. W., 1983, Reciprocal contact transmission of barley stripe mosaic virus between wild oats and barley, Plant Dis. 67: 207–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Chiko, A. W., 1984, Increased virulence of barley stripe mosaic virus for wild oats: Evidence of strain selection by host passage, Phytopathology 74: 595–599.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Chiko, A. W., and Baker, R. J., 1978, Economic significance of barley stripe mosaic virus in the Canadian Prairies, Can. J. Plant Sci. 58: 331–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Crowley, N. C., 1959, Studies on the time of embryo infection by seed-transmitted viruses, Virology 8: 116–123.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Dodds, J. A., Morris, T. J., and Jordan, R. L., 1984, Plant viral double-stranded RNA, Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 22: 151–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Eslick, R. F., 1953, Yield reductions in Glacier barley associated with a virus infection, Plant Dis. Rep. 37: 290–291.Google Scholar
  34. Eslick, R. F., and Afanasiev, M. M., 1955, Influence of time of infection with barley stripe mosaic on symptoms, plant yield, and seed infection of barley, Plant Dis. Rep. 39: 722–724.Google Scholar
  35. Francki, R. I. B., Milne, R. G., and Hatta, T., 1985, Hordeivirus group, in: Atlas of Plant Viruses, Volume II, pp. 133–146, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla.Google Scholar
  36. Gardner, W. S., 1967, Electron microscopy of barley stripe mosaic virus: Comparative cytology of tissues infected during different stages of maturity, Phytopathology 57: 1315–1326.Google Scholar
  37. Gibbs, A. J., Kassanis, B., Nixon, H. L., and Woods, R. D., 1963, The relationship between barley stripe mosaic and Lychnis ringspot viruses, Virology 20: 194–198.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Gold, A. H., Suneson, C. A., Houston, B. R., and Oswald, J. W., 1954, Electron microscopy and seed and pollen transmission of rod-shaped particles associated with the false stripe virus disease of barley, Phytopathology 44: 115–117.Google Scholar
  39. Gordon, D. T., 1966, Effects of barley stripe mosaic virus infection on the respiratory metabolism of barley leaves, Ph.D. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison.Google Scholar
  40. Gould, A. R., and Symons, R. H., 1983, A molecular biological approach to relationships among viruses, Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 21: 179–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Gustafson, G. D., Milner, J. J., McFarland, J. E., Pedersen, K., Larkins, B. A., and Jackson, A. O., 1982, Investigation of the complexity of barley stripe mosaic virus RNAs with recombinant DNA clones, Virology 120: 182–193.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Hagborg, W. A. F., 1954, Dwarfing of wheat and barley by the barley stripe mosaic (false stripe) virus, Can. J. Bot. 32: 24–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Hamilton, R. I., 1965, An embryo test for detecting seed-borne barley stripe mosaic virus in barley, Phytopathology 55: 798–799.Google Scholar
  44. Hampton, R. E., Sill, W. H., and Hansing, E. D., 1957, Barley stripe mosaic virus in Kansas and its control by a greenhouse seed-lot testing technic, Plant Dis. Rep. 41: 735–738.Google Scholar
  45. Hockett, E. A., and Davis, D. J., 1970, Infection levels and field spread of barley stripe mosaic virus in Compana barley, Plant Dis. Rep. 54: 749–751.Google Scholar
  46. Inouye, T., 1962, Studies on barley stripe mosaic in Japan, Ohara (Japan) Inst. Landw. Biol. Ber. Univ. 11: 413–496.Google Scholar
  47. Inouye, T., 1966, Some experiments on the seed transmission of barley stripe mosaic virus in barley with electron microscopy, Ohara (Japan) Inst. Landw. Biol. Ber. Univ. 13: 111–121.Google Scholar
  48. Jackson, A. O., and Lane, L. C., 1981, Hordeiviruses, in: Handbook of Plant Virus Infections and Comparative Diagnosis ( E. Kwistakk, ed.), pp. 565–625, Elsevier/North-Holland, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  49. Jackson, A. O., Dawson, J. R. O., Covey, S. N., Hull, R., Davies, J. W., McFarland, J. E., and Gustafson, G. D., 1983, Sequence relations and coding properties of a subgenomic RNA isolated from barley stripe mosaic virus, Virology 127: 37–44.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Kato, T., and Yamaguchi, A., 1971, Soluble antigens from barley leaves infected with barley stripe mosaic virus, Ann. Phytopathol. Soc. Jpn. 37: 117–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. La, Y. J., and Park, Y. K., 1979, Serological detection of barley stripe mosaic virus infection in the seeds of barley and wheat cultivars grown in Korea, Korean J. Plant Prot. 18: 29–33.Google Scholar
  52. Lane, L. C., 1974, The components of barley stripe mosaic and related viruses, Virology 58: 323–333.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Lin, N.-S., 1984, Gold-IgG complexes improve the detection and identification of viruses in leaf dip preparations, J. Virol. Methods 8: 181–190.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Lin, N.-S., and Langenberg, W. G., 1983, Immunohistochemical localization of barley stripe mosaic virions in infected wheat cells, J. Ultrastruct, Res . 84: 16–23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Lin, N.-S., and Langenberg, W. G., 1984, Distribution of barley stripe mosaic virus protein in infected wheat root and shoot tips, J. Gen. Virol. 65: 2217–2224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Lin, N.-S., and Langenberg, W. G., 1985, Peripheral vesicles in proplastids of barley stripe mosaic virus-infected wheat cells contain double-stranded RNA, Virology 142: 291–298.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Lister, R. M., Carroll, T. W., and Zaske, S. K., 1981, Sensitive serologic detection of barley stripe mosaic virus in barley seed. Plant Dis. 65: 809–814.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Lundsgaard, T., 1976, Routine seed health testing for barley stripe mosaic virus in barley seeds using the latex-test, Z. Pflanzenkr. Pflanzenschutz 83: 278–283.Google Scholar
  59. McKinney, H. H., 1951, A seed-borne virus causing false-stripe symptoms in barley, Plant Dis. Rep. 35: 48.Google Scholar
  60. McKinney, H. H., 1953, New evidence on virus diseases in barley, Plant Dis. Rep. 37: 292–295.Google Scholar
  61. McKinney, H. H., 1954, Culture methods of detecting seed-borne virus in Glacier barley seedlings, Plant Dis. Rep. 38: 152–162.Google Scholar
  62. McKinney, H. H., and Greeley, L. W., 1965, Biological Characteristics of Barley Stripe- Mosaic Virus Strains and their Evolution, U.S. Dep. Agric. Tech. Bull. No. 1324.Google Scholar
  63. McMullen, C. R., Gardner, W. S., and Myers, G. A., 1977a, Ultrastructure of cell-wall thickenings and paramural bodies induced by barley stripe mosaic virus, Phytopathology 67: 462–467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. McMullen, C. R., Gardner, W. S., and Myers, G. A., 1977b, Ultrastructure of corn leaf tissue infected with the ND18 strain of barley stripe mosaic virus, Proc. S.D. Acad. Sci. 56: 100–104.Google Scholar
  65. McMullen, C. R., Gardner, W. S., and Myers, G. A., 1978a, Aberrant plastids in barley leaf tissues infected with barley stripe mosaic virus, Phytopathology 68: 317–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. McMullen, C. R., Gardner, W. S., and Myers, G. A., 1978b, Distribution of the ND18 strain of barley stripe mosaic virus in barley leaf tissue, Proc. S.D. Acad. Sci. 57: 92–107.Google Scholar
  67. McNeal, F. H., Berg, M. A., Afanasiev, M. M., and Army, T. J., 1958, The influence of barley stripe mosaic on yield and other plant characters of 8 spring wheat varieties grown at 4 nitrogen levels, Agron. J. 50: 103–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Matthews, R. E. F., 1982, Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses, Fourth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, Karger, Basel.Google Scholar
  69. Mayhew, D. E., and Carroll, T. W., 1974a, Barley stripe mosaic virions associated with spindle microtubules, Science 185: 597–598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Mayhew, D. E., and Carroll, T. W., 1974b, Barley stripe mosaic virus in the egg cell and egg sac of infected barley, Virology 58: 561–567.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Nitzany, F. E., and Kenneth, R., 1960, The identification of barley stripe mosaic virus in Israel, FAO Plant Prot. Bull. 8: 31–32.Google Scholar
  72. Nutter, F. W., Jr., Pederson, V. D., and Timian, R. G. 1984, Relationship between seed infection by barley stripe mosaic virus and yield loss, Phytopathology 74: 363–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Paliwal, Y. C., 1980, Relationship of wheat streak mosaic and barley stripe mosaic viruses to vector and nonvector eriophyid mites, Arch. Virol. 63: 123–132.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Partridge, J. E., Shannon, L. M., Gumpf, D. J., and Colbaugh, P., 1974, Glycoprotein in the capsid of plant viruses as a possible determinant of seed transmissibility, Nature (London) 247: 391–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Polak, Z., and Slykhuis, J. T., 1972, Comparisons of Poa semilatent and barley stripe mosaic viruses, Can. J. Bot. 50: 263–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Pring, D. R., and Timian, R. G., 1969, Physiological effects of barley stripe mosaic virus infection, Phytopathology 59: 1381–1386.Google Scholar
  77. Sandfaer, J., 1973, Barley stripe mosaic virus and the frequency of triploids and aneuploids in barley, Genetics 73: 597–603.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Sandfaer, J., and Haahr, V., 1975, Barley stripe mosaic virus and the yield of old and new barley varieties, Z. Pflanzenzuecht. 74: 211–222.Google Scholar
  79. Shalla, T. A., 1959, Relations of tobacco mosaic virus and barley stripe mosaic virus to their host cells as revealed by ultrathin sectioning for the electron microscope, Virology 7: 193–219.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Shalla, T. A., 1966, Electron microscopy of cells infected with barley stripe mosaic virus as a result of mechanical and seed transmission, in: Viruses of Plants ( A.B.R. Beemster and J. Dijkstra, eds.), pp. 94–97, North-Holland, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  81. Shivanathan, P., 1970, Studies on the non-seed transmissibility of the NSP strain of barley stripe mosaic virus, Ph.D. thesis, University of McGill, Montreal, Canada.Google Scholar
  82. Singh, G. P., Amy, D. C., and Pound, G. S., 1960, Studies on the stripe mosaic of barley, including effects of temperature and age of host on disease development and seed infection, Phytopathology 50: 290–296.Google Scholar
  83. Sisler, W. W., and Timian, R. G., 1956, Inheritance of the barley stripe mosaic resistance of Modjo (CI 3212) and CI 3212–1, Plant Dis. Rep. 40: 1106–1108.Google Scholar
  84. Slack, S. A., and Shepherd, R. J., 1975, Serological detection of seed-borne barley stripe mosaic virus by a simplified radial-diffusion technique, Phytopathology 65: 948–955.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Slack, S. A., Shepherd, R. J., and Hall, D. H., 1975, Spread of seed-borne barley stripe mosaic virus and effects of the virus on barley in California, Phytopathology 65: 1218–1223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Slykhuis, J. T., 1972, Poa semilatent virus from native grasses, Phytopathology 62: 508–513.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Stanley, J., Hanau, R., and Jackson, A. O., 1984, Sequence comparison of the 3’ ends of a subgenomic RNA and the genomic RNAs of barley stripe mosaic virus, Virology 139: 375–383.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Suzuki, T., and Taniguchi, T., 1973, Degradation of host high molecular weight RNA in barley leaves infected with barley stripe mosaic virus, Phytopathol. Z. 77: 55–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Timian, R. G., 1967, Barley stripe mosaic virus seed transmission and barley yield as influenced by time of infection, Phytopathology 57: 1375–1377.Google Scholar
  90. Timian, R. G., 1971, Barley stripe mosaic virus in North Dakota, N.D. Agric. Exp. Stn. Farm Res. 28: 3–6.Google Scholar
  91. Timian, R. G., 1974, The range of symbiosis of barley and barley stripe mosaic virus, Phytopathology 64: 342–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Timian, R. G., and Sisler, W. W., 1955, Prevalence, sources of resistance, and inheritance of resistance to barley stripe mosaic (false stripe), Plant Dis. Rep. 39: 550–552.Google Scholar
  93. Van Regenmortel, M. H. V., 1984, Monoclonal antibodies in plant virology, Microbiol. Sci. 1: 73–78.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. Vasquez, G., Peterson, G. A., and Timian, R. G., 1974, Inheritance of barley stripe mosaic reaction in crosses among three barley varieties, Crop Sci. 14: 429–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Walters, H. J., 1954, Virus diseases in small grains in Wyoming, Plant Dis. Rep. 38: 836–837.Google Scholar
  96. White, J., and Brakke, M., 1982, Chloroplast RNA and proteins decrease as wheat streak and barley stripe mosaic viruses multiply in expanding, systemically infected leaves, Phytopathology 72: 939.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Yu, S. G., Wang, M. G., Chen, Z. Y., and Zhang, R. P., 1980, Studies on seed-borne virus diseases of barley and wheat (I(—Occurrence of barley stripe mosaic virus in China, J. (Acta) Fudan Univ. (Nat. Sci. Rep.) 19: 373–379.Google Scholar
  98. Zaske, S. K., Carroll, T. W., and Sipes, J. K., 1985, An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect barley stripe mosaic virus in barley for use in the Montana Seed Certification Program, Phytopathology 75:1359 (Abst.).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. W. Carroll
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyMontana State UniversityBozemanUSA

Personalised recommendations