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Tobraviruses

  • B. D. Harrison
  • D. J. Robinson
Part of the The Viruses book series (VIRS)

Abstract

The tobravirus group is now considered to have three members (Table I; Robinson & Harrison, 1985a). Tobacco rattle virus (TRV) causes a tobacco disease that was first described in Germany by Behrens (1899), who called it Mauche. The virus was shown to pass through a bacterium-retaining filter by Böning (1931) and was partially characterized by Quanjer (1943), who first referred to it as tobacco ratel (= rattle) virus. Pepper ringspot virus (PRV) was for several years known as the CAM strain of TRV (Harrison and Woods, 1966) but is now considered a separate virus (Robinson and Harrison, 1985a). Pea early-browning virus (PEBV) was first found in the Netherlands (Bos and van der Want, 1962) and now includes a range of isolates including one initially described as broad bean yellow band virus (Russo et al., 1984; Robinson and Harrison, 1985b). The known geographical distributions of individual tobraviruses and the more important diseases they cause are given in Table I.

Keywords

Plant Virus Tobacco Rattle Virus Particle Protein Tobacco Protoplast Barley Stripe Mosaic Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. D. Harrison
    • 1
  • D. J. Robinson
    • 1
  1. 1.Scottish Crop Research InstituteInvergowrie, DundeeScotland

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