Sunn-Hemp Mosaic Virus

  • Anupam Varma
Part of the The Viruses book series (VIRS)


Sunn-hemp mosaic virus (SHMV) occurs naturally in leguminous plants in Australia, India, Nigeria, and the United States (Boswell and Gibbs, 1983; Kassanis and Varma, 1975). It has been variously described as catjang (chavali cowpea) mosaic virus (Capoor et al., 1947), Dolichos enation mosaic virus (Capoor and Varma, 1948), southern sunn-hemp mosaic virus (Capoor, 1950, 1962), Crotalaria mucronata mosaic virus (Raychaudhuri and Pathanian, 1950), cowpea mosaic virus (Lister and Thresh, 1955), among others, depending on the host from which the virus was isolated. As the most common natural host of the virus is sunn hemp, it is generally referred to as sunn-hemp mosaic virus and other names are accepted as synonyms (Kassanis and Varma, 1975). Some variants causing chlorotic spot disease in cowpea (Sharma and Varma, 1975a) and severe leaf distortion disease in sunn-hemp (Verma and Awasthi, 1976) have also been described.


Mosaic Virus Coat Protein Tobacco Mosaic Virus Mosaic Disease Alfalfa Mosaic Virus 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anupam Varma
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Mycology and Plant PathologyIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

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