Tobacco Mild Green Mosaic Virus

  • Carl Wetter
Part of the The Viruses book series (VIRS)

Abstract

In this chapter, the designation tobacco mild green mosaic virus (TMGMV) is used for an ensemble of serologically closely related viruses (Table I) containing among others the well-characterized U2 strain (Siegel and Wildman, 1954; Wetter, 1984a,b). TMGMV was detected in 1927 by McKinney (1929) in Nicotiana glauca plants on the Canary Islands and labelled mild dark green tobacco mosaic virus. It was regarded for a long time as a silent contaminant or a rare companion of type tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) but recent findings have indicated that TMGMV is of considerable economic importance. When the first groups of plant viruses were established, none of the strains of TMGMV were regarded as distinct viruses of the tobamovirus group (Brandes and Wetter, 1959; Harrison et al., 1971). The TMGMV virus was so named by McKinney to describe the mild symptoms induced in tobacco leaves in contrast to the much more pronounced yellow mosaic symptoms caused by common TMV. Mild virus strains from tobacco, closely related to TMGMV, were detected on several independent occasions in West Germany and in the United States (Wetter, 1984b). The biophysical, biochemical, and biological properties of the virus are sufficiently unique to justify it being considered a distinct species (member) of the tobamovirus group. Some of the properties of TMGMV described in this chapter represent unpublished data of the author.

Keywords

Hydrolysis Agar Attenuation Sedimentation Chloro 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl Wetter
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of SaarlandSaarbrückenWest Germany

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