The human body is made up of trillions of physiological systems, from intracellular systems operating on a molecular level to the highly developed central nervous system (CNS). In complexity and size, these systems range from those contained within the cell to those responsible for coordinating the activity of millions of cells. Yet, each shares the common purpose of regulating different aspects of the body’s functions so that homeostasis is maintained.
KeywordsCardiac Output Autonomic Nervous System Extracellular Fluid Physiological System Feedback Gain
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