Three Phases of Father Involvement in Pregnancy

  • Katharyn Antle May
Part of the The Springer Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


Mounting evidence indicates that a woman who is well-supported by her male partner during pregnancy and birth experiences fewer complications during labor and birth and may have an easier postpartum adjustment.1,2 Less well-substantiated are claims that father participation in pregnancy and birth benefits father—child attachment. Some research indicates that men who participate actively in pregnancy and birth experience greater closeness with their infants and spouses and heightened self-esteem and esteem for their spouses.4,6,9,13


Career Choice Father Involvement Emotional Involvement Birth Experience Emotional Distance 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katharyn Antle May
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Nursing, Department of Family Health Care NursingUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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