Advertisement

Disaster

The Helper’s Perspective
  • Beverly Raphael
  • Bruce Singh
  • Lesley Bradbury
Part of the The Springer Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)

Abstract

At the time of major disaster, as at the time of personal crisis, attention is directed toward those who are most obviously and acutely affected by the tragic events. They are defined as “victims,” and those who offer them assistance are seen as the ”helpers.“ The psychological stress, trauma, and grief experienced by the victims are obvious, and morbidity is revealed in many studies.1

Keywords

Major Disaster Tragic Event Disaster Situation Longe Term Adjustment Repatriation General Hospital 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Kinston, W., & Rosser, R. Disaster: Effects on mental and physical state. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 1974, 18, 437.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Short, P. “Victims” and “helpers.” In R. L. Heathcote & B. G. Thom (Eds.), Proceedings of a symposium on natural hazards in Australia. Canberra: Australian Academy of Science, 1979.Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    Baum, A., Fleming, R., & Singer, J. Coping with victimization by technological disaster. Journal of Social Issues, 1983, 39, 117–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 2.
    Berren, M. R., Beigel, A., & Barker, G. A typology for the classification of disasters: Implications for intervention. Community Mental Health Journal, 1982, 18, 120–134.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 3.
    Gibbs, L. M. Community response to an emergency situation. Psychological destruction and the Love Canal. American Journal of Community Psychology, 1983, 11, 116–125.Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    Gleser, G., Green, B., & Winget, C. Prolonged psychosocial effects of disaster: A study of Buffalo Creek. New York: Academic Press, 1981.Google Scholar
  7. 5.
    Palmer, C. E. A note about paramedics’ strategies for dealing with death and dying. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 1983, 56, 83–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 6.
    Raphael, B., Singh, B., Bradbury, L., & Lambert, F. Who helps the helpers? The effects of disaster on the rescue workers. Omega, 1983–1984, 14, 9–20.Google Scholar
  9. 7.
    Singh, B., & Raphael, B. Postdisaster morbidity of the bereaved: A possible role for preventive psychiatry ? Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1981, 169, 203–212.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 8.
    Valent, P. The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria. The Medical Journal of Australia, 1984, 141, 291–300.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beverly Raphael
    • 1
  • Bruce Singh
    • 1
  • Lesley Bradbury
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of MedicineUniversity of NewcastleAustralia
  2. 2.Repatriation General HospitalSydneyAustralia

Personalised recommendations