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Composition of Intraocular Fluids and the Microenvironment of the Retina

  • Laszlo Z. Bito

Abstract

On the basis of its embryonic derivation, morphological organization, and function, the retina must be regarded as part of the central nervous system (CNS). A unique aspect of the CNS is its ability to maintain local extracellular chemical environments that are vastly different from those of other organ systems. Our understanding of the chemical microenvironment of the brain and the mechanisms that maintain its homeostasis is largely based on studies on the composition of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Similar information about the retina can be gained from studies on the chemical composition of the intraocular fluids (IOFs), particularly the vitreus* adjacent to the retina, since there are no appreciable diffusion barriers between the vitreus and the extracellular fluid (ECF) of the retina.1,2

Keywords

Retinal Pigment Epithelium Blood Plasma Aqueous Humor Ciliary Epithelium Posterior Chamber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laszlo Z. Bito
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Physicians and SurgeonsColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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