Etiology of Fears and Phobias
The two-stage theory (Mowrer, 1960) of fear acquisition has been highly influential, and despite some serious criticisms (e.g., Bolles, 1970; Herrnstein, 1969; Rachman, 1976; Seligman & Johnston, 1973), it still plays a prominent part in current thinking of the development of fear reactions. Before embarking on the task of reviewing and evaluating the clinical value of this theory, I will give a brief summary of the theory and select a few of the major problems posed by more recent experimental work.
KeywordsConditioned Stimulus Social Anxiety Classical Conditioning Irrational Belief Specific Phobia
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