Clinical Assessment and Treatment Planning
What occurs in clinical behavior therapy is not quite the same as what is frequently depicted in research papers. Thus far we have depicted behavior therapy of phobic and obsessive-compulsive behavior as the application of techniques. The research reviewed in the previous chapters suggests that certain general technological strategies will be applicable to a number of phobic and obsessive-compulsive patients. Some have defined behavior therapy as the application of specified techniques such as systematic desensitization and flooding apparently derived from “learning theory.” However, others hold that behavior therapy can be thought of as applied general psychology. Here, the definition of behavior therapy has been modified to incorporate principles derived from other areas of (experimental) psychology. In the tradition of Shapiro (1951), who was one of the first to stress the importance of formulating and testing hypotheses, Yates (1970) relied heavily on the controlled studies of the single case as characteristic for the behavioral approach. According to the latter approach, the therapist advances hypotheses that will explain the problem behavior and devises treatments in order to test these hypotheses. Thus, according to this approach, a functional behavior analysis is a condition sine qua non of any treatment to be called behavior therapy.
KeywordsSocial Anxiety Marital Conflict Relationship Problem Marital Problem Systematic Desensitization
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