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DNA Synthesis and DNA Polymerases in Tonsillar Lymphocytes

  • F. Antoni
  • Maria Staub

Abstract

The genetic message represents the essence of a living system, containing the information necessary for the perpetuation of the species. In eukaryotic cells the genetic message that genes are composed of is the DNA. There is very clear evidence that RNA may also serve as a genetic message in viruses, and it cannot be excluded that certain RNA molecules may have the same role in eukaryotic cells. Genetic information can be transmitted in two ways. One of these is the transfer of DNA molecules from one cell to another: via free DNA (transformation), via viral vector (transduction), or by direct cell contact (conjugation). The three above procedures have been very extensively studied in the haploid prokaryotes. There are reports of successful transfer of bacterial genes to plant cells and cell fusion. The cell fusion may be considered as a form of message transmission. The second way for the transmission of genetic information is the replication of the genetic material, i.e. the process by which one message will be converted into two identical informations. The process of the replication of the genetic material has attracted considerable interest over the past years. Both, prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA appear to be replicated in essentially the same semiconservative way. Many details of the DNA replication are well known, however, less data are available about how the process is regulated.

Keywords

Small Lymphocyte Cytoplasmic Enzyme Nuclear Enzyme Direct Cell Contact Genetic Message 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Antoni
    • 1
  • Maria Staub
    • 1
  1. 1.1st Institute of Biochemistry SemmelweisUniversity Medical SchoolBudapestHungary

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