Nutrition and Growth

  • Francis E. Johnston
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 30)


One of the major criteria utilized in establishing a nutrient as essential is the failure of an animal to grow normally when that nutrient is removed from an otherwise well-balanced diet, followed by a resumption of normal growth upon its restoration. It is no wonder then that the relationship between nutrition and growth is an intimate one, directed by millions of years of evolutionary adaptation reflecting interrelationships among habitat, morphology, physiology, and behavior. The growth pattern which leads the individual to the mature state is provided by the genotype, while the processes of metabolism and regulation which actualize that pattern utilize, as raw material, the nutrients provided by the diet. A wide variety of nutrients have been shown to be essential for human growth, maintenance, and function, as seen in Table 1. While this list reflects the current state of nutritional knowledge, it may very well be incomplete. Nevertheless, it indicates the broad range of substances that is necessary for normal human existence which must be supplied by the diet.


Energy Intake Zinc Manganese Manganese Copper Cobalt Molybdenum Nickel Silicon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis E. Johnston
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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