Microbial Cells Immobilized and Living on Solid Supports and their Application to Fermentation Processes

  • J. F. Kennedy


Our approach has been based on the ability of water-insoluble metal hydroxides to chelate and retain peptides, proteins, etc. including enzymes. From various studies it was concluded that gelatinous titanium and zirconium hydroxide are effective matrices for enzyme immobilization. Their advantages include low cost, convenient preparation, absence of any need for pre-preparation, ability to couple enzyme at neutral pH, high retention of specific activity of the enzyme on immobilization, and the ability of modification of microenvironmental effects.


Immobilize Cell Aeration Rate Metal Hydroxide Volumetric Efficiency Hydrous Zirconium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    KENNEDY, J.F., BARKER, S.A. & HUMPHREYS, J.D. J. Chem. Soc., Penki n 1:962 1976.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    KENNEDY, J.F. & KAY, I.M. J. Chem. Soc., Petki n 1: 329 1976.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    KENNEDY, J.F., BARKER, S.A. & WHITE, C.A. Die Stan(2e 29: 240, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    KENNEDY, J.F. & HUMPHREYS, J.D. Antimic tobia Agentz Chemotherapy 9: 766, 1976.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    KENNEDY, J.F., BARKER, S.A. & WHITE, C.A. Canbohydna.te Rez. 54: 1, 1977.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    FRINGS GmbH, British Patent No. 1, 101, 560; 1968.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. F. Kennedy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamEngland

Personalised recommendations