Organization of Sensorimotor Intelligence

  • Ina C. Uzgiris


Infancy is traditionally recognized as a distinct period in the course of human life; with regard to intellectual activity it is frequently considered to be not only distinct but different. Even those who do not view ontogenesis in terms of qualitative transformations seem to recognize a gap between functioning in infancy and in subsequent age periods. The apparent limitations on self-initiated activity, on physical mobility, and on communication with others during infancy have impressed numerous observers and have led to the conjecture that the infant’s world may be quite unlike the world as known by the adult. Thus studies of infant intelligence have been concerned largely with charting those infant behaviors that seem to indicate progressive approximation to adult patterns of action, or those that seem to document acquisition of concrete information about the world. Since the importance of advance to adult and thereby uniquely human forms of intellectual activity is so clear, the relative neglect of forms of functioning characteristic of infancy itself need not be surprising.


Intellectual Functioning Intellectual Activity Object Permanence Object Construction Stage Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bell, S. M., 1970, The development of the concept of object as related to infant attachment, Child Development, 41: 291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bovet, M. C., Dasen, P. R., And Inhelder, B., 1974, Étapes de l’Intelligence Sensori-motrice chez l’Enfant Baoulé, Archives de Psychologie, 41: 363.Google Scholar
  3. Bruner, J., 1970, The growth and structure of skill, in “Mechanisms of Motor Skill Development” K. Connolly, (ed.), Academic Press, New York, p. 63.Google Scholar
  4. Casati, I., And Lézine, I., 1968, “Les Étapes de l’Intelligence Sensori-motrice,” Les Éditions du Centre de Psychologie Appliquée, Paris.Google Scholar
  5. Cows, L. F., Latham, M. C., And Stare, F. J., 1972, Will improved nutrition help to prevent mental retardation? Preventive Medicine, 1: 185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Corman, H., And Escalona, S., 1969, Stages of sensorimotor development: A replication study, Merrill Palmer Quarterly, 15: 351.Google Scholar
  7. Décarie, T. G., 1965, “Intelligence and Affectivity in Early Childhood,” International Universities Press, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Décarie, T. G., 1972, “La Réaction du Jeune Enfant à la Personne Étrangère,” Les Presses de l’Université de Montréal, Montreal.Google Scholar
  9. Dodwell, P. C., 1963, Children’s understanding of spatial concepts, Canadian Journal of Psychology, 17: 141.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Escalona, S., And Corman, H., Albert Einstein Scales of Sensorimotor Development, unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  11. Furth, H. G., 1973, Piaget, IQ and the nature—nurture controversy, Human Development, 16: 61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gaiter, J. L., 1972, The development and acquisition of object permanence in infants, unpublished master’s thesis, Brown University.Google Scholar
  13. Giblin, P. T., 1971, Development of imitation in Piaget’s sensorimotor period of infant development (stages III—VI), Proceedings of the 79th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, 6: 137.Google Scholar
  14. Golden, M., And Birns, B., 1968, Social class and cognitive development in infancy, Merrill—Palmer Quarterly, 14: 139.Google Scholar
  15. Gottfried, A. W., 1974, Interrelationships between and nomological networks of psychometric and Piagetian measures of sensorimotor intelligence, unpublished doctoral dissertation, New School for Social Research.Google Scholar
  16. Honig, A. S., And Brill, S., 1970, A comparative analysis of the Piagetian development of twelve month old disadvantaged infants, presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, Miami, Florida.Google Scholar
  17. Hunt, J. McV., 1961, “Intelligence and Experience,” Ronald, New York.Google Scholar
  18. Hunt, J. McV., Paraskevopoulos, J., Schickedanz, D., And Uzgiris, I. C., 1975, Variations in the mean ages of achieving object permanence under diverse conditions of rearing, in “Infant Assessment and Intervention,” B. Friedlander, G. Kirk, and G. Sterritt (eds.), Brunner/Mazel, New York.Google Scholar
  19. King, W. L., And Seegmiller, B., 1973, Performance of 14- to 22-month old black, firstborn male infants on two tests of cognitive development, Developmental Psychology, 8: 317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kohen-Raz, R., 1967, Scalogram analysis of some developmental sequences of infant behavior as measured by the Bayley infant scale of mental development, Genetic Psychology Monographs, 76: 3.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Kopp, C. B., Sigman, M., And Parmelee, A. H., 1973, Ordinality and sensory-motor series, Child Development, 44: 821.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kopp, C. B., Sigman, M., And Parmelee, A. H., 1974, Longitudinal study of sensorimotor development, Developmental Psychology, 10: 687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lester, B. M., Kotelchuck, M., Spelke, E., Sellers, M. J., And Klein, R. E., 1974, Separation protest in Guatemalan infants, Developmental Psychology, 10: 79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lewis, M., And Mcgurk, H., 1972, Infant intelligence, Science, 178: 1174.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lézine, I., Stambak, M., And Casati, I., 1969, “Les Étapes de l’Intelligence Sensori-motrice,” Les Editions du Centre de Psychologie Appliquée, Paris.Google Scholar
  26. Maratos, O., 1973, The origin and development of imitation in the first six months of life, presented at the British Psychological Society Annual Meeting, Liverpool.Google Scholar
  27. Mccall, R., Hogarty, P., And Hurlburt, N., 1992, Transitions in infant sensori-motor development and the prediction of childhood IQ, American Psychologist, 27: 728.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mehrabian, A., And Williams, M., 1971, Piagetian measures of cognitive development up to age two, Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 1: 113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Miller, D. J., Cohen, L. B., And Hill, K. T., 1970, A methodological investigation of Piaget’s theory of object concept development in the sensory-motor period, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 9: 59.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Paraskevopoulos, J., And Hunt, J. McV., 1971, Object construction and imitation under differing conditions of rearing, Journal of Genetic Psychology, 119: 301.Google Scholar
  31. Piaget, J., 1950, “Psychology of Intelligence,” Routledge and Kegan Paul, London.Google Scholar
  32. Piaget, J., 1952, “The Origins of Intelligence in Children,” Norton, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Piaget, J., 1954, “The Construction of Reality in the Child,” Basic Books, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Piaget, J., 1962, “Play Dreams and Imitation in Childhood,” Norton, New York.Google Scholar
  35. Piaget, J., 1970a, “Genetic Epistemology,” Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  36. Piaget, J., 1970b, Piaget’s theory, in “Carmichael’s Manual of Child Psychology,” P. H. Mussen (ed.), Wiley, New York, p. 703.Google Scholar
  37. Piaget, J., 1971a, “Biology and Knowledge,” University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  38. Piaget, J., 1971b, The theory of stages in cognitive development, in “Measurement and Piaget,” D. R. Green, H. P. Ford, and G. B. Flamer (eds.), McGraw-Hill, New York, p. 1.Google Scholar
  39. Piaget, J., And Inhelder, B., 1969, “The Psychology of the Child,” Basic Books, New York.Google Scholar
  40. Pinard, A., And Laurendeau, M., 1969, “Stage” in Piaget’s cognitive-developmental theory: Exegesis of a concept, in “Studies in Cognitive Development,” D. Elkind and J. H. Flavell (eds.), Oxford University Press, New York, p. 121.Google Scholar
  41. Serafica, F. C., And Uzgiris, I. C., 1971, Infant—mothcarelationship and object concept, Proceedings of the 79th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, 6: 141.Google Scholar
  42. Silverstein, A. B., Mclain, R. E., Brownlee, L., And Hubbell, M., 1976, Structure of ordinal scales of psychological development in infancy, Educational and Psychological Measurement.Google Scholar
  43. Tuddenham, R. D., 1971, Theoretical regularities and individual idiosyncrasies, in “Measurement and Piaget,” D. R. Green, M. P. Ford, and G. B. Flamer (eds.), McGraw-Hill, New York, p. 64.Google Scholar
  44. Uzgiris, I. C., 1969, Some antecedents of the object concept, paper presented at a symposium on the object concept at the meetings of EPA, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  45. Uzgiris, I. C., 1973a, Patterns of cognitive development in infancy, Merrill Palmer Quarterly, 19: 181.Google Scholar
  46. Uzgiris, I. C., 1973b, Infant development from a Piagetian approach: Introduction to a symposium, presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, Montreal.Google Scholar
  47. Uzgrris, I. C. And Hunt, J. McV. 1964, A scale of infant psychological development, unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  48. Uzcnus, I. C., And Hunt, J. McV., 1972, Toward ordinal scales of infant psychological development, unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  49. Uzgiris, I. C. And Hunt, J. McV., 1975, “Assessment in Infancy,” University of Illinois Press, Urbana.Google Scholar
  50. Wachs, T. D., 1973, Utilization of a Piagetian approach in the investigation of early experience effects, presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, Montreal.Google Scholar
  51. Wachs, T. D., 1975, Relation of infant performance on Piaget’s scales between 12 and 24 months and their Stanford—Binet performance at 31 months, Child Development.Google Scholar
  52. Wachs, T. D., Uzgiris, I. C., And Hunt, J. McV., 1971, Cognitive development in infants of different age levels and from different environmental backgrounds, Merrill Palmer Quarterly, 17: 283.Google Scholar
  53. Woodward, M., 1959, The behavior of idiots interpreted by Piaget’s theory of sensorimotor development, British Journal of Educational Psychology, 29: 60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zachry, W., 1972, The relation of language development to sensorimotor level in second-year infants, unpublished doctoral dissertation, Memphis State University.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ina C. Uzgiris
    • 1
  1. 1.Clark UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations