Social Class and Infant Intelligence

  • Mark Golden
  • Beverly Birns


There is generally widespread agreement that social class differences in intellectual development are present in older preschool children, as reflected in their performance on standard intelligence tests beginning during the third year of life, and later in their academic achievement in school. However, there is disagreement about whether such differences are present in infancy. There has also been a great deal of controversy about how social class differences in intellectual development can best be explained or interpreted, as well as strong disagreement about what can or should be done about such differences.


Social Class Intellectual Performance Mark Golden Social Class Difference Standard Intelligence Test 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Golden
    • 1
  • Beverly Birns
    • 1
  1. 1.State University of New York at Stony BrookUSA

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