Secondary Hypertension: Adrenal and Nervous Systems

  • Emmanuel L. Bravo
Part of the Atlas of Heart Diseases book series (AD)


In a preponderance of cases of hypertension, the cause is not clear. Such cases are usually termed essential hypertension. In the remainder, a specific cause can be identified. The percentage of individuals with so-called secondary hypertension ranges from above 5% of all hypertensive patients presenting in a community clinical practice to more than 30% in referral centers. It is especially important to identify patients with secondary hypertension because correction of the cause will often cure—not merely palliate—the disorder. Of equal importance is the fact that detailed study of patients with secondary hypertension may offer important clues regarding the cause and management of essential hypertension.


Plasma Renin Activity Primary Aldosteronism Secondary Hypertension Zona Glomerulosa Inferior Petrosal Sinus 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

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  • Emmanuel L. Bravo

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