Like animals, machines interact with their environment using grippers. In animals, grippers take a wide array of forms including mouths, pincers, hands and tentacles, all designed for a set of grasping and manipulation tasks. Many animals use their grippers not only as organs of action, but also as exploratory organs, relaying information about the outside world. The gripper becomes a bridge between the animal and the world around it. In manufacturing, grippers traditionally have taken the form of tongs or clamps. Like animal grippers, they can hold a part securely, but unlike animal grippers, they cannot manipulate objects and cannot provide information.


Machine Tool Flexible Manufacturing System Industrial Robot Human Hand Manipulation Task 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark R. Cutkosky
    • 1
  1. 1.Stanford UniversityUSA

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