It is now over half a decade since Joseph Engelberger wrote:

‘Given a six-articulation arm of any configuration, software can be powerful enough to think only in tool coordinates. That is, a programmer concerns himself only with the tool on the end of the robot arm. He can think of the tool’s frame of reference and computer subroutines automatically make the various articulations move so as to accomplish the desired tool manipulation.’


Assembly Task Sensor Data Processing Information Technology Management Robotic Practice Gripper Strategy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Aleksander
    • 1
  1. 1.Kobler Unit for Information Technology ManagementImperial College of Science and TechnologyLondonEngland

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