A brief history of walking machines

  • D. J. Todd
Part of the Chapman and Hall Advanced Industrial Technology Series book series (AITS)


The earliest walking machines were mechanical toys. (The history of automata and mechanical toys is outside the scope of this book.) Their legs were driven by cranks or cams from a source of rotary power, usually clockwork, and executed a fixed cycle. An interesting variant is the walking toy which is not internally powered but can walk down a slight slope under gravity power, the legs being independently pivoted and not driven by cranks. This principle has been adopted in some prosthetic walking aids. It may have some lessons for the design of power-economical robots.


Bipedal Walking Servo Valve Legged Locomotion Walking Machine Legged Vehicle 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© D. J. Todd 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. J. Todd

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations