Advertisement

Creative Dialogues: Discovery, Invention, and Understanding in Sleep-Wakefulness Research

  • Paul G. Dell

Abstract

The scientific dialogue that is pursued by a researcher between his curiosity and the objects of his research is in reality the culmination of two earlier ones which may be called the evolutionary and the cultural dialogue. Born as a human being into a given culture, his mind has been shaped by his social and cultural milieu. And as Homo sapiens he is one of the links in the dialogue of the species with the outside world.

Keywords

Reticular Formation Casual Observation Scientific Dialogue Pontine Tegmentum Arousal Reaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adrian, E. D. (1936): The spread of activity in the cerebrate cortex. J. Physiol. 88:127–161.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Berger, H. (1929): Über das Elektrenkephaiogramm des Menschen. Arch. Psychiatr. Nervenkr. 87: 527–570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Berlucchi, G. (1970): Mechanismen von Schlafen und Wachen. In: Ermüdung, Schlaf und Traum. Baust, W., ed. Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlags GMBH, pp. 145–203.Google Scholar
  4. Bremer, F. (1935): Cerveau isolé et physiologie du sommeil. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 118:1235–1242.Google Scholar
  5. Bremer, F. (1937): L’activité cérébrale au cours du sommeil et de la narcose. Contribution à l’étude du mécanisme du sommeil. Bull. Acad. Med. Belg. 4: 68–86.Google Scholar
  6. Bremer, F. (1938): L’activité électrique de l’écorce cérébrale et le problème physiologique du sommeil. Boll. Soc. Ital. Biol. Sper. 13: 271–290.Google Scholar
  7. Bremer, F. (1954): The neurophysiological problem of sleep. In:Brain Mechanisms and Consciousness. Adrian, E. D., Bremer, F., and Jasper, H. H., eds. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 137–162.Google Scholar
  8. Chomsky, N. (1968): Language and Mind. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World.Google Scholar
  9. Craik, K.J. W. (1943): The Nature of Explanation. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Creed, R. S., Denny-Brown, D., Eccles, J. C., Liddell, E. G. T., and Sherrington, C. S. (1932): Reflex Activity of the Spinal Cord. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Dahlström, A., and Fuxe, K. (1964): Evidence for the existence of monoamine-containing neurons in the central nervous system. I. Demonstration of monoamines in the cell bodies of brain stem neurons. Acta Physiol. Scand. (Suppl.)232: 1–55.Google Scholar
  12. Dahlström, A., and Fuxe, K. (1965): Evidence for the existence of monoamine-containing neurons in the central nervous system. II. Experimentally induced changes in the intraneuronal amine levels of bulbospinal neuron systems. Acta Physiol. Scand. (Suppl.) 247: 1–36.Google Scholar
  13. Dell, P. (1963): Reticular homeostasis and critical reactivity. In:Brain Mechanisms. Progress in Brain Research. Vol. 1. Moruzzi, G., Fessard, A., and Jasper H. H., eds. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 82–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dell, P., Bonvallet, M., and Hugelin, A. (1961): Mechanism of reticular deactivation. In: The Nature of Sleep (A Ciba Foundation symposium). Wolstenholme, G. E. W., and O’Connor, C. M., eds. London: Churchill, pp. 86–107.Google Scholar
  15. Dement, W. (1958): The occurrence of low voltage, fast, electroencephalogram patterns during behavioral sleep in the cat. Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol. 10: 291–296.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dement, W., and Kleitman, N. (1957): Cyclic variations in EEG during sleep and their relation to eye movements, body motility and dreaming. Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol. 9: 673–690.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Descartes, R. (1664): Description du Corps Humain. In: Oeuvres Complètes (édition Adam & Tannery). Vol. XI. Paris: Cerf (1897–1910), p. 225.Google Scholar
  18. Duvignaud, J. (1973): Fêtes et Civilisations. Paris: Librairie Weber.Google Scholar
  19. Eccles, J. C. (1963): Biographical note (written on the occasion of receiving the Nobel Prize). Quoted from Popper (1969).Google Scholar
  20. Eccles, J. C. (1970): Facing Reality. New York: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  21. Falck, B., Hillarp, N. A., Thieme, G., and Torp, A. (1962): Fluorescence of catecholamines and related compounds condensed with formaldehyde. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 10: 348–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Feinberg, I., and Evarts, E. V. (1969): Changing concepts of the function of sleep: Discovery of intense brain activity during sleep calls for revision of hypotheses as to its function. Biol. Psychiatry 1: 331–348.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Fulton, J. F. (1938): Physiology of the Nervous System. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Granit, R. (1966): Charles Scott Sherrington. An Appraisal. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons.Google Scholar
  25. Granit, R. (1972): Discovery and understanding. Annu. Rev. Physiol. 34: 1–12.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hadamard, J. (1954): The Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field. New York: Dover.Google Scholar
  27. Hashimoto, P. H., Maeda, T., Toru, K., and Shimizu, N. (1962): Histochemical demonstration of autonomic regions in the central nervous system of the rabbit by means of a monoamine oxydase staining. Med. J. Osaka Univ. 12: 425–464.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Hebb, D. O. (1955): Drives and the C. N. S. (conceptual nervous system). Psychol. Rev. 62: 243–254.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hennevin, E., and Leconte, P. (1971): La fonction du sommeil paradoxal: Faits et hypothèses. Ann. Psychol. 2: 489–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hess, W. R. (1948): Die funktionelle Organisation des vegetativen Nervensystems. Basel: Benno Schwabe.Google Scholar
  31. Jacob, F. (1970): La Logique du Vivant. Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar
  32. Jacobson, M. (1969): Development of specific neuronal connections. Science 163: 543–547.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Jouvet, M. (1961): Telencephalic and rhombencephalic sleep in the cat. In:The Nature of Sleep (A Ciba Foundation symposium). Wolstenholme, G. E. W., and O’Connor, C. M., eds. London: Churchill, pp. 188–208.Google Scholar
  34. Jouvet, M. (1967): Mechanisms of the states of sleep: A neuropharmacological approach. In: Sleep and Altered States of Consciousness. Kety, S. S., Evarts, E. V., and Williams, H. L., eds. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, pp. 86–126.Google Scholar
  35. Jouvet, M. (1972): The role of monoamines and acetylcholine-containing neurons in the regulation of the sleep-waking cycle. Ergeb. Physiol. 64: 166–307.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Jouvet, M. (1973a): Telencephalic and rhombencephalic sleep in the cat. In:Sleep and Active Process. Webb, W. B., ed. Glenview, Ill.: Scott, Foresmen, pp. 12–32.Google Scholar
  37. Jouvet, M. (1973b): Essai sur le rêve. Arch. Itd. Biol. 111: 564–576.Google Scholar
  38. Kleitman, N. (1963): Sleep and Wakefulness. 2nd ed. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  39. Lindsley, D. B. (1951): Emotion. In: Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Stevens, S. S., ed. New York: John Wiley, pp. 473–516.Google Scholar
  40. Lindsley, D. B., Bowden, J. W., and Magoun, H. W. (1949): Effect upon the EEG of acute injury to the brain stem activating system. Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol. 1: 475–486.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Livingston, W. K., Haugen, F. P., and Brookhart, J. M. (1954): Functional organization of the central nervous system. Neurology 4: 485–496.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Magoun, H. W. (1950): Caudal and cephalic influences of the brain stem reticular formation. Physiol. Rev. 30: 459–474.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Magoun, H. W. (1963): The Waking Brain. 2nd ed. Springfield, Ill.: C. C Thomas.Google Scholar
  44. Medawar, P. B. (1967): The Art of the Soluble. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  45. Monod, J. (1970): Le Hasard et la Nécessité. Essai sur la Philosophie Naturelle de la Biologie Moderne. Paris: Editions du Seuil.Google Scholar
  46. Moruzzi, G. (1950): Problems in Cerebellar Physiology. Springfield, Ill.: C. C Thomas.Google Scholar
  47. Moruzzi, G. (1964): The historical development of the deafferentation hypothesis of sleep. Proc. Am. Phil. Soc. 108: 19–28.Google Scholar
  48. Moruzzi, G. (1969): Sleep and instinctive behavior. Arch. Ital. Biol. 107: 175–216.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Moruzzi, G. (1972): The sleep-waking cycle. Ergeb. Physiol. 64: 1–165.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Moruzzi, G., and Magoun, H. W. (1949): Brain stem reticular formation and activation of the EEG. Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol. 1: 455–473.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Needham, J. (1943): Time: The Refreshing River. London: George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  52. Piéron, H. (1913): Le Problème Physiologique du Sommeil. Paris: Masson & Cie.Google Scholar
  53. Popper, K. R. (1959): The Logic of Scientific Discovery. London: Hutchinson.Google Scholar
  54. Popper, K. R. (1963): Science: Problems, aims, responsibilities. Fed. Proc. 22: 961–972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Popper, K. R. (1969): Conjectures and Refutations. The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. 3rd ed. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  56. Purkinje, J. E. (1846): Wachen, Schlaf, Traum und verwandte Zustände. In:Handwörterbuch der Physiologie. Section 9, part 3, volume 2. Wagner, R., ed. Braunschweig: Viewag & Sohn, pp. 412–480.Google Scholar
  57. Ranson, S. W., and Magoun, H. W. (1939): The hypothalamus. Ergeh. Physiol. 41: 56–163.Google Scholar
  58. Rheinberger, M. B., and Jasper, H. H. (1937): Electrical activity of the cerebral cortex in the unanesthetized cat. Am. J. Physiol. 119: 186–196.Google Scholar
  59. Richter, C. P. (1967): Sleep and activity: Their relation to the 24-hour clock. In: Sleep and Altered States of Consciousness. Kety, S. S., Evarts, E. V., and Williams, H. L., eds. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, pp. 8–29.Google Scholar
  60. RofTwarg, H. P., Muzio, J. N., and Dement, W. G. (1966): Ontogenetic development of the human sleep-dream cycle. The prime role of “dreaming sleep” in early life may be in the development of the central nervous system. Science 152: 604–619.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Scheibel, M. E., and Scheibel, A. B. (1958): Structural substrates for Integrative patterns in the brain stem reticular core. In: Reticular Formation of the Brain (Henry Ford Hospital International Symposium). Jasper, H. H., et al., eds. Boston: Little, Brown, pp. 31–55.Google Scholar
  62. Schlosberg, H. (1954): Three dimensions of emotion. Psychol. Rev. 61: 81–88.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Soury, J. (1899): Le Système Nerveux Central. Histoire Critique des Théories et des Doctrines. Carré, G., and Naud, C., eds. Paris.Google Scholar
  64. Swazey, J. P. (1969): Reflexes and Motor Integration. Sherrington’s Concept of Integrative Action. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  65. Young, R. M. (1970): Mind, Brain and Adaptation in the Nineteenth Century. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Boston 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul G. Dell

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations