The Drowning/Near-Drowning Patient

  • James B. Mueller


A 3 year old child was brought to the emergency room (ER) by the rescue squad after he was pulled from a freshwater pond. He had fallen through the ice and been submerged for approximately 5min. Initially, the child was apneic, pulseless, and cyanotic. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was started. Upon arrival in the ER, the patient was still receiving CPR and was being ventilated by bag mask. Initial core temperature was 30°C. Arterial blood gas values were pH 6.95, PaO2 250mmHg, PaCO2 68mmHg, HCO 3 12mEqlL. Other laboratory results included Hgb 8.5gmldl, Hct 25.4%, Na+ 135mmol/L, K+ 3.4mmol/L, CL 97mmol/L.


Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Functional Residual Capacity Peritoneal Lavage Cold Water Immersion Intracranial Pressure Monitoring 
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© Birkhäuser Boston 1991

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  • James B. Mueller

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