A 3-month-old male infant, 48 weeks postconception, was brought to the ambulatory care clinic for evaluation prior to bilateral inguinal hernia repair. The mother reported that she had suffered from toxemia of pregnancy and that the baby had been born at 36 weeks gestation by cesarean section; birth weight, 2000gm. The 1- and 5-min Apgar scores were 7–8. The baby required mask oxygenation and suctioning but intubation was not required. He was observed in the neonatal intensive care unit for 7 days. During this time, bilirubin level was measured at 12–15mg%; blood sugar, 45mg%; calcium, 7.5mg%; PaCO2, 35mmHg. There was no evidence of acidosis or infection, and funduscopic examinations were normal.
KeywordsPreterm Infant Retinal Detachment Patent Ductus Arteriosus Necrotizing Enterocolitis Hyaline Membrane Disease
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Avery G.B. (ed): Neonatology, 3rd ed., Philadelphia: JB Lippincott, 1987, pp 264–98.Google Scholar
- 3.Gregory G.A.: Anesthesia for premature infants, in Gregory G.A. (ed): Pediatric Anesthesia, 2nd ed., Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 1989: pp 803–31.Google Scholar
- 7.Greely W.: Anesthesia for neonates and expremature infants. Annual Refresher Course Lectures, Amer. Soc. Anes., Las Vegas, 1990, No. 174.Google Scholar
- 16.Welborn L.G., Hannallah R.S., Higgens T.: Does anemia increase the risk of postoperative apnea in former preterm infants? Anesthesiology 1990, 73(3A): A1091.Google Scholar
- 18.Johnson L., Schaffer D., Boggs T.R.: Premature infants, vitamin E deficiency and retrolental fibroplasia. Am J Clin Nutr 1974, 29: 1158–73.Google Scholar
- 23.Emhardt J.D., Vasko M.R.: Do neonates need anesthesia? Adv Anesth 1990, 7: 65–7.Google Scholar
- 24.Cook D.R., Davis P.J.: Anesthesia pharmacology in pediatrics, in Lake C.L. (ed): Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia. Norwalk, Connecticut: Appleton & Lange, 1988: pp 121–54.Google Scholar
- 26.Broadman L.M.: Regional anesthesia for the pediatric outpatient. Anesthesiol Clin North Am 1987, 5(l): 53–72.Google Scholar
- 27.Gunter J.B., Dunn CM., Bower R.J. et al: Caudal epidural anesthesia in sixty nine conscious premature and high risk infants. Anesthesiology 1990, 73(3S): A1096.Google Scholar
- 28.Rice L.J., Broadman L.M., Hannallah R.S.: Regional anesthesia in pediatric patients. Adv Anesth 1989, 6: 308–9.Google Scholar
- 29.Single R.: Pediatric regional anesthesia, in Gregory G. (ed): Pediatric Anesthesia. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1983, pp 481–518.Google Scholar
- 31.Kurth CD., LeBard S.E., Downes J.J.: Association of airway obstruction, hypoxemia and postoperative apnea in preterm infants. Anesthesiology 1990, 73(3A): A1131.Google Scholar
- 33.Finholt D.A.: The anesthetic management of the premature nursery, in Berry F.A. (ed): Anesthetic Management of Difficult and Routing Pediatric Patients. New York: Churchill Livingston, 1986, pp 315–48.Google Scholar