Vestibular System

  • Volker Henn
Part of the Readings from the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience book series (REN)


The vestibular system conveys a sense of motion and gravity. Anatomically, it consists of the labyrinths as specific receptors located in the inner ear, and the vestibular nuclei in the brain stem. Information about motion is also conveyed by the visual system and other sensory systems. The vestibular system therefore, in a sense, constitutes a subsystem of motion sense. The labyrinth consists of three semicircular canals and the otoliths (Fig. 1).


Hair Cell Semicircular Canal Motion Sickness Vestibular Nucleus Angular Acceleration 
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Further reading

  1. Cohen B, ed (1981): Vestibular and Oculomotor Physiology: International Meeting of the Bârâny Society. Ann NY Acad Sci 374:1–892Google Scholar
  2. Henn V, Cohen B, Young LR (1980): Visual-vestibular interaction in motion perception and the generation of nystagmus. Neurosci Res Prog Bull 18:457–651Google Scholar
  3. Henn V (1982): The correlation between motion sensation, nystagmus and activity in the vestibular nerve and nuclei. In: Nystagmus and Vertigo: Clinical Approaches to the Patient with Dizziness, Honrubia V, Brazier M, eds. New York: Academic Press, pp 115–124Google Scholar
  4. Melvill Jones G, Gonshor A (1982): Oculomotor response to rapid head oscillation (0.5–5.0 Hz) after prolonged adaptation to visionreversal. Simple and complex effects. Exp Brain Res 45:45–58Google Scholar
  5. Wilson VJ, Melvill Jones G (1979): Mammalian Vestibular Physiology. New York: PlenumGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Boston, Inc. 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Volker Henn

There are no affiliations available

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