Pain, Surgical Management of
Surgical treatment of pain should be considered only after all measures aimed at the direct causes of the pain have been exhausted, and the possible psychogenic aspects (hysteria, muscle tension, and magnification) fully evaluated. Surgical measures must be justified by the degree of interference with vocation, avocation, or sleep. Since no treatment is 100% effective and all threaten complications, the simplest measures should be considered first.
KeywordsCancer Pain Morphine Sulfate Chronic Stimulation Nociceptive Pain Spinal Cord Transection
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