Pain, Animal

  • Howard H. Erickson
Part of the Readings from the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience book series (REN)


Pain is a complex physiological phenomenon; it is hard to define satisfactorily in human beings, and it is extremely difficult to recognize and interpret in animals. Scientific knowledge of pain perception in animals has been obtained by drawing analogies based on comparative anatomy, physiology, and pathology, and by inference based on subjective responses to pain experienced by humans. Debate continues about whether animals of different species perceive pain similarly and whether any species perceives pain the same way humans do. Our knowledge of the scientific basis of the mechanisms of pain in animals, however, has advanced substantially in the last two decades.


Domestic Animal Pain Perception Comparative Anatomy Segmental Level Free Nerve Ending 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further reading

  1. Erickson HH, Kitchell RL (1984): Pain perception and alleviation in animals. Fed Proc 43:1307–1312Google Scholar
  2. Kitchell RL, Erickson HH, Carstens EA, Davis LE (1983): Animal Pain: Perception and Alleviation. Bethesda: American Physiological SocietyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Boston, Inc. 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Howard H. Erickson

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