Muscle Receptors, Mammalian

  • Douglas G. Stuart
Part of the Readings from the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience book series (REN)


Most mammalian muscles abound with sensory receptors that subserve a variety of mechanoreceptive, thermoreceptive, ergoreceptive, and nociceptive functions. However, only two receptor types, the spindle (named for its appearance) and the Golgi tendon organ (named after its discoverer), have transducing properties appropriate for a prominent role in the moment-to-moment control of muscle force and length. Their properties are emphasized here.


Muscle Force Muscle Spindle Trigger Zone Mammalian Muscle Muscle Receptor 


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Further reading


  1. Matthews PBC (1972): Mammalian Muscle Receptors and Their Central Actions. London: ArnoldGoogle Scholar


  1. Hazan Z, Stuart DG (1984): Mammalian muscle receptors. In: Handbook of the Spinal Cord, vols 2 & 3, Davidoff RA, ed. New York: Marcel DekkerGoogle Scholar
  2. Loeb GE (1984): The control and responses of mammalian muscle spindles during normally executed motor tasks. In: Exercise and Sports Sciences Reviews, Vol 12, Terjung RL, ed. Lexington, Massachusetts: CollamoreGoogle Scholar

Comparative information

  1. Barker D (1974): The morphology of muscle receptors. In: Handbook of Sensory Physiology III/2, Muscle Receptors, Hunt CC, ed. Berlin: Springer-VerlagCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Proske U (1981): Properties and central actions of tendon organs. In: Neurophysiology, Vol 9, Porter R, ed. London: ButterworthsGoogle Scholar
  3. Proske U, Ridge RMAP (1974): Extrafusai muscle and muscle spindles in reptiles. In: Progress in Neurobiology, Vol 3, Pt 1, Kerkut GA, Phillis JW, eds. Oxford: PergamonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Boston, Inc. 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas G. Stuart

There are no affiliations available

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