Hair Cells, Sensory Transduction

  • A. J. Hudspeth
Part of the Readings from the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience book series (REN)


Hair cells are the sensory receptors in the organs of the vertebrate internal ear and in the lateral-line organ. They provide sensitivity to the broad range of stimuli to which these acousti-colateralis organs are responsive: air- and water-borne sound, substrate vibration, water motion, and angular and linear acceleration, especially that due to gravity. Hair cells are of particular importance to humans because a sensitive vestibular apparatus is required for our upright, bipedal mode of locomotion and because a sense of hearing is of paramount importance in our verbal communication.


Hair Cell Hair Bundle Sensory Transduction Transduction Channel Otic Placodes 
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Further reading

  1. Corey DP, Hudspeth AJ (1983): Kinetics of the receptor current in bullfrog saccular hair cells. J Neurosci 3:962–976Google Scholar
  2. Crawford AC, Fettiplace R (1981): An electrical tuning mechanism in turtle cochlear hair cells. J Physiol (Lond) 312:377–412Google Scholar
  3. Hudspeth AJ (1983): Mechano-electrical transduction by hair cells in the acousticolateralis sensory system. Annu Rev Neurosci 6:187–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hudspeth AJ (1983): Transduction and tuning by vertebrate hair cells. Trends Neurosci 6:366–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Boston, Inc. 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Hudspeth

There are no affiliations available

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