Skip to main content

Part of the book series: Mathematical Modeling ((MMO,volume 2))


Problem. Suppose a project has n activities and that three time parameters are associated with each activity, the “optimistic duration”, the “most probable duration” and the “pessimistic duration.” The exact duration of each activity is not known. How can we estimate the probability that the project is completed within a certain amount of time?

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 39.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 54.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others


  • Booz, Allen and Hamilton. Project PERT, Phase II, Special Projects Office, Bureau of Naval Weapons, Dept. of the Navy, Washington D.C., Nov. 1958.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hua Loo Keng. Popular Lectures gn Overall Planning Methods (with supplements), Chinese Industry Press, Beijing, 1965.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hua Loo Keng, Chen De Quan, Ji Lei etc. (edited). A Collection of AchievementEt on Popularizing Optimum Seeking Methods in People’s Republic of China, Vol. I, II, III, IV, Science and Tech. Document Press, Beijing, 1977.

    Google Scholar 

  • Elmaghraby, S.E. Activity Networks: Proiect Planning and Control, by Network Models, Wiley, 1977.

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  • Moder, J.J., C.R. Phillips and E.W. Davis. Proiect Management with CPM, PERT and Precedence Diagramming, 3th ed., Van Nostrand, 1983.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wiest, J.D., and F.K. Levy. A Management Guide to PERT/CPM, Prentice-Hall, 1977.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 1989 Birkhäuser Boston

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Hua, LK., Wang, Y., Heijmans, J.G.C. (1989). Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT). In: Heijmans, J.G.C. (eds) Popularizing Mathematical Methods in the People’s Republic of China. Mathematical Modeling, vol 2. Birkhäuser Boston.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Publisher Name: Birkhäuser Boston

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4684-6759-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4684-6757-4

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive

Publish with us

Policies and ethics