Thermal treatment

  • P. White
  • M. Franke
  • P. Hindle


Thermal treatment can be regarded as either a pre-treatment of waste prior to final disposal, or as a means of valorising waste by recovering energy. It includes both the burning of mixed MSW in municipal incinerators and the burning of selected parts of the waste stream as a fuel These different methods reflect the different objectives that thermal treatment can address. This chapter describes the various thermal treatment processes, and their use across Europe. It then attempts to quantify the environmental factors associated with thermal treatment, in terms of energy consumption and emissions, and the economic costs. Finally the thermal treatment module of the LCI spreadsheet is presented and explained.


Energy Recovery Refuse Derive Fuel Gross Calorific Value Incineration Process Integrate Solid Waste Management 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. White
    • 1
  • M. Franke
    • 2
  • P. Hindle
    • 3
  1. 1.Procter & Gamble Ltd.UK
  2. 2.Procter & Gamble GmbHGermany
  3. 3.Environmental Quality - EuropeN.V. Procter & GambleBelgium

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