Measurement and Final Control Elements

  • Richard J. Buschart


The safe operation of chemical-process facilities is strongly dependent on process data provided by measurement instrumentation and control of the process by the operation of final control elements.


Control Valve Orifice Plate Process Fluid Direct Current Motor Magnetic Flow 
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  1. Hix, A. H. 1972. Safety and Instrumentation Systems. Chemical Engineering Progress 68 (5, May): 43–52.Google Scholar
  2. Kletz, T. A. 1980. Don’t Let Control Loop Blunders Destroy Your Plant. Instruments and Control Systems. (Nov.): 29–32.Google Scholar
  3. Liptak, B. G. 1969. Instrument Engineers’ Handbook Volume I Process Measurement. New York: Chilton Book Company.Google Scholar
  4. Spitzer, D. W. 1984. Industrial Flow Measurement: IRP Student Text. ISA Publications Dept.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Van Nostrand Reinhold 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard J. Buschart

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