Our survey of ancient Mediterranean food deals with the world of the Bible, the Greeks, and the Roman Empire, covering a period of fifteen hundred years from the beginning of the first millennium B.C. to the barbarian invasions of the fifth century A.D. The ecologically distinct river civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia cannot be fully taken into account, although the Nile flows into the Mediterranean and the lands of the eastern Mediterranean were, from time to time during this period, under the same rulers as Mesopotamia. Nor is there scope to consider at length the adaptation of Mediterranean civilization by central and northwestern Europe and Britain while under Roman rule. But the evidence from these neighboring regions is sometimes relevant.


Wheaten Flour Food Shortage Fourth Century Naked Barley Fine Flour 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Van Nostrand Reinhold 1991

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  • Thomas Braun

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