Diet plays an important role in cancer etiology, although quantification of the importance of various components of diet is still largely uncertain. The figures in Table 15-1 reflect both the relevance attributed to diet in the etiology of cancer and the difficulties connected with its quantification. The wide range of the estimate—10% to 70%—of the proportion of cancer deaths attributed to dietary factors has different explanations, including the inferential nature of the available information and the wide variation in dietary habits in different countries. In fact, although strong correlations have been found between cancer and dietary habits throughout the world, it is well known that correlation does not necessarily mean causation.
KeywordsBreast Cancer Gastric Cancer Breast Cancer Risk Dietary Habit Cancer Site
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