Throughout the centuries of European history, from causes that are still subject to dispute, malaria has ebbed and flowed like a fatal tide (Hackett, 1937). During the nineteenth century the disease was in retreat and in 1914 seemed to be hanging on in only a few localities, mostly in the south-east corner. The War of 1914–18 changed all that. With the massing of troops unaccustomed to infection in malarious regions, malaria became rife among the combatant forces. With the return of these to their homes, and the interchanges of peoples which took place after the War, the disease revived among the civil population in all sorts of unexpected places: in the eastern half of England, the north coast of Germany, parts of Italy long free from malaria, up in the Arctic at Archangel; while a terrible epidemic decimated vast areas of Russia.
KeywordsMosquito Larva Naphthenic Acid Malarious Region European History Breeding Place
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