• J. A. Moy-Thomas


The term ‘fishes’ as used in this book includes all those free-living, aquatic, cold-blooded, gill-breathing craniates in which fins and not pentadactyl limbs are developed. This is the popular usage of the term, and if fishes are defined in this way the group is composed not only of the true jawed fishes but also the jawless agnathans of which the lamprey is a living representative.


Middle Devonian Lower Devonian Otic Capsule Early Vertebrate Popular Usage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bertmar, G. (1959) ‘On the ontogeny of the chondral skull in Characidae, with a discussion on the chondrocranial base and the visceral chondrocranium in fishes’. Acta zool. Stockh., 40, 203–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Denison, R. H. (1956) ‘A review of the habitat of the earliest vertebrates’. Fieldiana, Geol., 11, 359–457.Google Scholar
  3. Goodrich, E. S. (1930) ‘On the relationship of the ostracoderms to the cyclostomes’. Proc. Linn. Soc., 142, 45–49.Google Scholar
  4. Halstead, L. B. (1969) The pattern of vertebrate evolution, ( Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh).Google Scholar
  5. Jarvik, E. (1954) ‘On the visceral skeleton in Eusthenopteron with a discussion of the parasphenoid and palatoquadrate in fishes’. K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl., (4)5, 1–104.Google Scholar
  6. Jarvik, E. (1964) ‘Specializations in early vertebrates’. Annls. Soc.r.zool. Belg., 94, 11–95.Google Scholar
  7. Jarvik, E. (1968) ‘Aspects of vertebrate phylogeny’. Nobel Symposium, 4, 497–527.Google Scholar
  8. Jefferies, R. P. S. (1968) ‘The s hordata (Jefferies 1967) primitive fossil chordates with echinoderm affinities’. Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist., (Geol.), 16, 243–339.Google Scholar
  9. Jollie, M. (1968) ‘Some implications of the acceptance of a delamination principle’. Nobel Symposium, 4, 89–107.Google Scholar
  10. Obruchev, D. V. (1967) ‘On the evolution of the Heterostraci’. Colloques int. Cent. natn. Rech. Scient., 163, 37–43.Google Scholar
  11. Robertson, J. D. (1957) ‘The habitat of the early vertebrates’. Biol. Rev., 32, 156–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Romer, A. S. (1955) ‘Fish origins—fresh or salt water?’ Deep Sea Res., 3 (Suppl.) Papers in marine biology and oceanography dedicated to Henry Bryant Bigelow, 261–80.Google Scholar
  13. White, E. I. (1958) ‘Original environment of the craniates’, in Studies on fossil vertebrates, ed. Westoll, T. S. ( The Athlone Press, London.) p. 212.Google Scholar


  1. de Beer, G. R. (1937) The development of the vertebrate skull,(Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  2. Berg, L. S. (1958) System der Rezenten und Fossilen Fischartigen und Fische. ( Veb Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften; Berlin).Google Scholar
  3. Grassé, P. P. (Ed.) Traité de Zoologie: Anatomie, Systématique, Biologique, T. 13, fasc. 1–3, ( Masson, Paris, 1948 ).Google Scholar
  4. Goodrich, E. S. (1909) ‘Vertebrata craniata. Fasc. 1. Cyclostomes and Fishes’, in A treatise on zoology, ed. Lankester, E. Ray, ( Adam & Charles Black, London ).Google Scholar
  5. Goodrich, E. S. (1930) Studies on the structure and development of vertebrates, ( Macmillan, London).Google Scholar
  6. Jarvik, E. (1960) Théories de l’évolution des vertébrés, ( Masson, Paris).Google Scholar
  7. Jollie, M. (1962) Chordate Morphology, ( Reinhold Book Co., New York).Google Scholar
  8. Marshall, N. B. (1965) The life of fishes, ( Weidenfeld & Nicholson, London).Google Scholar
  9. Miles, A. E. W. (Ed.) Structural and chemical organization of teeth 2 vols, (Academic Press, New York and London, 1967 ).Google Scholar
  10. Norman, J. R. (1963) A history offishes, Revised by Greenwood, P. H., ( Ernest Benn, London).Google Scholar
  11. Orlov, J. A. (Ed.) Osnovy Paleontologii,Vol 11. (Izdatel ‘stvo `Nauka’: Moscow, 1964). (Throughout this book references are given to the English translation, Fundamentals of Paleontology: 11., Agnatha, Pisces. Israel Program for Scientific Translations: Jerusalem, 1967.)Google Scholar
  12. Piveteau, J. (Ed.) Traité de Paléontologie,T.4, vols. 1–3, (Masson, Paris, 1962–1969).Google Scholar
  13. Romer, A. S. (1970) The vertebrate body, 4th. ed., ( Saunders, Philadelphia).Google Scholar
  14. Romer, A. S. (1966) Vertebrate paleontology,3rd. ed., (University of Chicago Press).Google Scholar
  15. Westoll, T. S. (1960) ‘Recent advances in the palaeontology of fishes’. Liverpool, Manchr Geol. J., 2, 568–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Woodward, A. S. (1889–1901) Catalogue of the fossil fishes in the British Museum (Natural History), (Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London). Pt. 1, 1889; pt. 2, 1891; pt. 3, 1895; pt. 4, 1901.Google Scholar
  17. Young, J. Z. (1962), The life of vertebrates,2nd. ed., (Oxford University Press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© J. Moy-Thomas and R. S. Miles 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Moy-Thomas

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations